Roman dating system
Roman dating system
This designation, it is claimed, is nothing more than an attempt to "remove Christ from the calendar" in keeping with the "subversive" effects of political correctness.The use of BCE/CE, opponents claim, is offensive to Christians who recognize time as dated up to, and away from, the birth of Jesus.
Instead, they called their years after the two supreme magistrates, the consuls.
Prior to the 6th century AD, many Christians who didn’t use an Anno Mundi (in the year of the world) type system relied on Roman dating, either marking dates from the year legend had it that Romulus and Remus founded Rome (753 BC) or by relying on the date system established under the Roman emperor Diocletian (244-311), based on the accession of Diocletian.
However, most Christians weren’t too fond of Diocletian, since he brutally persecuted them in the latter part of his reign in the late third / early fourth century.
Afterward, he switched to an escalating policy of persecution to try to get Christians to worship the Roman gods.
This began simply via seizing Christian’s property, destroying their homes, burning all Christian texts, etc.
For example, the year that corresponds to our 59 BCE was known to them as "the year in which Gaius Julius Caesar and Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus were consuls".
As long as one had a list of magistrates, one could date all past events.Using a similar list, we are able to convert Roman year names to our year numbers.Originally, the pontifex maximus was responsible for the maintenance of the official version of this list, which was published at the end of the second century BCE.Coinage of the Roman Republic Online (CRRO) aims to provide in effect an online version of Michael Crawford's 1974 publication Roman Republican Coinage (RRC), which is still the primary typology used for the identification of Roman Republican coin types.Since its publication in 1974 there have been significant revisions to the dating of the series following the discovery of new hoards, but no attempt has been made to reflect these or make any other amendments to the published typology at this stage.Because of the irregular intercalation of months, exact dates mentioned in our sources do not correspond with our calendar dates.