Those killed included 2 Colombians, 3 French, 3 Japanese, 2 Spanish, 1 British and 1 Belgian, the cruise line reported.Thirteen of its guests were also injured, including 1 Belgian, 7 French, 4 Japanese and 1 South African.
Many Muslims in the relatively liberal Arab-speaking country were scandalised by the act.
Although the trials appeared to respect the defendants’ basic human rights and allow victims to access justice, several factors undermined their contribution to achieving accountability, including failure to identify the direct perpetrators of the killings, an inadequate legal framework for prosecuting senior officers for command responsibility for crimes that their subordinates committed, and lack of political will from the government to press for Ben Ali’s extradition from Saudi Arabia.
Update 2: Costa Cruises has confirmed that five of its guests were also among those killed in yesterday’s terrorist attack in Tunis, Tunisia, bringing the total number of cruise passengers killed in the attack to 17.
Military courts tried several groups of defendants for the killing of protesters, and sentenced Ben Ali in absentia to life in prison for complicity in murder under article 32 of the penal code.
Military courts also sentenced a minister of interior who held office at the time of the uprising to a total of 27 years in prison, and sentenced 20 other senior officers to several years in prison for intentional homicide during the uprising.
But the president was right to push back against the idea that nothing has changed since 1965.
Not only has the situation of African-Americans improved in many respects but, as Obama put it, the civil rights movement also swung open "doors of opportunity" for women, Latinos, Asian-Americans, gays and the disabled.
Slogans such as “breasts feed revolution” were daubed across their naked chests.
The women were demonstrating against the arrest of Amina Tyler, a Tunisian Femen activist who is due to stand trial today for illegal possessing pepper spray, for which she could be jailed for six months.
And it continues to offer inspiration for those fighting for freedom around the world -- in Obama's words, from "the streets of Tunis to the Maidan in Ukraine." If anyone has the right to make this point, it is our half-African president.
Yet what the president failed to point out is that, around the world, segregation is making a comeback -- including in the streets of Tunis, where the proponents of today's segregation spilled blood last week.
This year, with good reason, Americans have celebrated the moment 50 years ago when the struggle for civil rights for African-Americans reached a decisive moment: the 1965 March from Selma to Montgomery. President Obama went to Selma and gave one of his finest speeches.